Social support, positive states of mind, and HIV treatment adherence in men and women living with HIV/AIDS

Jeffrey S. Gonzalez, Frank J. Penedo, Michael H. Antoni, Ron E. Durán, Maria Isabel Fernandez, Shvawn McPherson-Baker, Gail Ironson, Nancy G. Klimas, Mary Ann Fletcher, Neil Schneiderman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

192 Scopus citations

Abstract

Numerous studies have linked social support to better medication adherence among illness groups, but few have examined potential mechanisms for this relationship. Relationships were examined between social support, depression, positive states of mind (PSOM), and medication adherence among HIV positive men who have sex with men (n = 61) and women (n = 29) on highly active antiretroviral therapy. Depression and PSOM were evaluated as potential mediators of the relationship between support and adherence. Cross-sectional data showed that greater social support and PSOM related to better adherence whereas higher depression scores related to nonadherence. PSOM partially mediated the relationship between social support and adherence. PSOM may be an important mechanism through which social support is related to better medication adherence in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-418
Number of pages6
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • HAART
  • HIV
  • Positive states of mind
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

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    Gonzalez, J. S., Penedo, F. J., Antoni, M. H., Durán, R. E., Fernandez, M. I., McPherson-Baker, S., Ironson, G., Klimas, N. G., Fletcher, M. A., & Schneiderman, N. (2004). Social support, positive states of mind, and HIV treatment adherence in men and women living with HIV/AIDS. Health Psychology, 23(4), 413-418. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.23.4.413