Social policy on the use of aversive interventions: Empirical, ethical, and legal considerations

Peter Gerhardt, David L. Holmes, Michael Alessandri, Michele Goodman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations


In an effort to address the controversy regarding the use of aversive interventions in the treatment of individuals with developmental disabilities, this paper presents a review of the literature on the efficacy of such interventions, along with brief reviews of the ethical and legal issues involved. In general, there appears to be empirical, ethical, and legal support for the continued availability of aversive interventions as treatment options, but only if sufficient safeguards are in place.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-277
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 1991
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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