Social Factors Related to the Utilization of Health Care Among Prison Inmates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


This study examines the demographic and social factors related to health care utilization in prisons using the 2004 Survey of Inmates in State Correctional Facilities. The findings show that education and employment, strong predictors of health care in the community, are not associated with health care in prisons. Although female inmates have a higher disease burden than male inmates, there are no sex differences in health care usage. The factors associated with health care, however, vary for women and men. Notably, Black men are significantly more likely to utilize health care compared to White and Latino men. The findings suggest that, given the constitutionally mandated health care for inmates, prisons can potentially minimize racial disparities in care and that prisons, in general, are an important context for health care delivery in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-138
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Correctional Health Care
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • gender
  • health care utilization
  • medical conditions
  • prison
  • race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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