Social Determinants of Depression Among Older Black Women Living With HIV

Giovanna C. De Oliveira, Rosina Cianelli, Natalia Villegas, Angel Solorzano Martinez, Kimberly Hires, Sadandaula R. Muheriwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression spans age-groups, but it can be particularly destructive for older people with chronic illness. Among older Black women living with HIV (OBWLH), multiple social determinants have been associated with the prevalence and severity of depression. A greater understanding of the impact of the social determinants at the individual, interpersonal, and community levels is needed. AIMS: To explore social determinants of depression among OBWLH at the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and community levels. METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive design. RESULTS: A total of 118 OBWLH were analyzed in the study. Depression was prevalent among the participants. Approximately 89.8% of the participants had moderate to severe depressive symptoms. Health status, exercise, and social support were significant predictors of depression in the sample. CONCLUSION: Social determinants at multiple levels play a significant role in the occurrence and management of depression among OBWLH. Implications for practice, education, and research can be drawn from these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-585
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2020


  • Black
  • HIV
  • depression
  • older women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health


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