Social cognitive and physical health determinants of exercise adherence for HIV-1 seropositive, early symptomatic men and women

Regina M. Pavone, Kent F. Burnett, Arthur LaPerriere, Frank M. Perna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined social cognitive and physical health factors that might explain variations in exercise adherence in a 3-month supervised exercise intervention for a group of mildly symptomatic, HIV-1 seropositive men and women. The social cognitive predictor variables were outcome expectations and self-efficacy. The physical health predictor variables included CD4+ cell counts, self-report inventories of physical symptoms, and physicians' examinations. Self-report inventories of physical symptoms were associated with physicians' examinations and combined into a composite measure of physical health. Criterion variables included exercise adherence rates, VO2 (max), change, and status as a 'remainer' versus 'drop-out.' The composite measure of physical health emerged as a significant predictor of adherence rate and gave perfect prediction of remainers and a moderate prediction of dropouts. No significant associations were observed between the social cognitive predictors and adherence. Results suggest that for this population physical health status is a better predictor of exercise adherence than either perceived self-efficacy or outcome expectancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-258
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of behavioral medicine
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Exercise
  • HIV
  • Physical health
  • Self-efficacy
  • Social cognitive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Social cognitive and physical health determinants of exercise adherence for HIV-1 seropositive, early symptomatic men and women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this