Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

156 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper reviews the origins and definitions of social capital in the writings of Bourdieu, Loury, and Coleman, among other authors. It distinguishes four sources of social capital and examines their dynamics. Applications of the concept in the sociological literature emphasize its role in social control, in family support, and in benefits mediated by extrafamilial networks. I provide examples of each o f these positive functions. Negative consequences of the same processes also deserve attention for a balanced picture of the forces at play. I review four such consequences and illustrate them with relevant examples. Recent writings on social capital have extended the concept from an individual asset to a feature of communities and even nations. The final sections describe this conceptual stretch and examine its limitations. I argue that, as shorthand for the positive consequences of sociability, social capital has a definite place in sociological theory. However, excessive extensions of the concept may jeopardize its heuristic value.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationKnowledge and Social Capital
PublisherTaylor and Francis Inc.
Pages43-68
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9780080509792
ISBN (Print)0750672226, 9780750672221
StatePublished - Nov 3 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Family support
  • Networks
  • Sociability
  • Social control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

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