Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents: Factorial invariance and latent mean differences across gender and age in Spanish adolescents

Candido J. Ingles, Annette M. La Greca, Juan C. Marzo, Luis J. Garcia-Lopez, Jose M. Garcia-Fernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations


Little is known about the factorial invariance across gender and age for self-report measures of social anxiety in adolescence. This study examined the factorial invariance and latent mean differences of the Social Anxiety Scale for Adolescents (SAS-A) across gender and age groups in 1570 Spanish adolescents (54% girls), ranging in age from 14 to 17 years. Equality of factor structures was compared using multi-group confirmatory factor analyses. Measurement invariance for the correlated three-factor model of the SAS-A was found across gender and age samples. Analyses of latent mean differences revealed that girls exhibited higher means than boys on two SAS-A subscales, Fear of Negative Evaluation and Social Avoidance and Distress-New (SAD-New). In addition, on the SAD-New subscale, the structured means significantly diminished from 14-year olds to 16- and 17-year olds and from 15-year olds to 17-year olds. Findings are discussed in terms of the use of the SAS-A with Spanish adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)847-855
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010



  • Adolescence
  • Measurement invariance
  • Social anxiety
  • Spanish language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

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