Smoking rate trends in U.S. occupational groups: The 1987 to 2004 National Health Interview Survey

David J. Lee, Lora E Fleming, Kristopher Arheart, William G. LeBlanc, Alberto J. Caban, Katherine Chung-Bridges, Sharon L. Christ, Kathryn E. McCollister, Terry Pitman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: It is unknown if the gap in smoking rates observed between United States blue- and white-collar workers over the past four decades has continued into the new millennium. METHODS: The National Health Interview Survey is a nationally representative survey of the US civilian population. Smoking and current occupational status were assessed over survey periods 1987 to 1994 and 1997 to 2004 (n= 298,042). RESULTS: There were significant annual reductions in smoking rates for all adult US workers in both survey periods. Several blue-collar groups had greater annual smoking rate reductions in the most recent survey period relative to the earlier survey period. However, the majority of blue-collar worker groups had pooled 1997 to 2004 smoking rates in excess of the 24.5% smoking prevalence noted for all workers. CONCLUSION: Development of effective smoking prevention strategies specifically targeting blue-collar groups is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-81
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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