Smoking cravings are reduced by self-massage

Maria Hernandez-Reif, Tiffany M Field, Sybil Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Attempts at smoking cessation have been correlated with severe withdrawal symptoms, including intense cigarette cravings, anxiety, and depressed mood. Massage therapy has been shown to reduce anxiety and stress hormones and improve mood. Method. Twenty adult smokers (M age = 32.6) were randomly assigned to a self-massage treatment or a control group. The treatment group was taught to conduct a hand or ear self-massage during three cravings a day for 1 month. Results. Self-reports revealed lower anxiety scores, improved mood, and fewer withdrawal symptoms. In addition, the self- massage group smoked fewer cigarettes per day by the last week of the study. Conclusions. The present findings suggest that self-massage may be an effective adjunct treatment for adults attempting smoking cessation to alleviate smoking-related anxiety, reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms, improve mood, and reduce the number of cigarettes smoked.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-32
Number of pages5
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint

Massage
Smoking
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Anxiety
Tobacco Products
Smoking Cessation
Self Report
Ear
Therapeutics
Hand
Craving
Hormones
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Craving
  • Self-massage
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Smoking cravings are reduced by self-massage. / Hernandez-Reif, Maria; Field, Tiffany M; Hart, Sybil.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 28, No. 1, 01.01.1999, p. 28-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hernandez-Reif, Maria ; Field, Tiffany M ; Hart, Sybil. / Smoking cravings are reduced by self-massage. In: Preventive Medicine. 1999 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 28-32.
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