Smartphone Assisted Fundus Fundoscopy/Photography

Anita Barikian, Luis J. Haddock

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: With the introduction of portable fundus photography, the possibility of providing adequate eye care and reducing its cost globally became attainable. Smartphone photography currently plays a vital role in outreach programs where there is a lack of providers and limited availability of traditional fundus cameras. Recent Findings: Smartphones are an attractive option in portable ophthalmoscopy due to their widespread availability. Newer techniques have allowed the acquisition of high-quality images that compare to images obtained with the more expensive conventional fundus cameras. Available options include slit lamp attachments, adapters for direct ophthalmoscopy, and the use of smartphones with handheld or mounted lenses as an indirect ophthalmoscope. Summary: Telemedicine has a substantial ability to reach underserved populations without compromising the quality of care. The continuous improvement in smartphone technology establishes its integral role in tele-ophthalmology. Further validation studies are needed to prove its advantages and shape its implementation strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-52
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Ophthalmology Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018


  • Fundoscopy
  • Ophthalmoscopy
  • Smartphone photography
  • Tele-ophthalmology
  • Telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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