Small cell/lymphohistiocytic morphology is associated with peripheral blood involvement, CD8 positivity and retained T-cell antigens, but not outcome in adults with ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma

Mahsa Khanlari, Shaoying Li, Roberto N. Miranda, Swaminathan Iyer, Sergej Konoplev, Pei Lin, C. Cameron Yin, Guilin Tang, Lianqun Qiu, Francisco Vega, L. Jeffrey Medeiros, Jie Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several morphologic variants of ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) are recognized. The small cell (SC) and lymphohistiocytic (LH) variants are reported to be associated with poorer outcome in children with ALK + ALCL. In this study of 102 adults with ALK + ALCL, there were 18 (18%) cases of SC and/or LH variants. Patients with SC/LH ALK + ALCL more often had peripheral blood involvement than patients with non-SC/LH neoplasms (60% vs 0%, p = 0.02). There were no other significant differences in clinical features between patients with SC/LH versus non-SC/LH ALK + ALCL. Compared with non-SC/LH cases of ALK + ALCL, neoplasms with SC/LH features were more often positive for CD2 (92% vs. 36%, p = 0.0007), CD3 (81% vs. 15%, p = 0.0001), CD7 (80% vs. 37%, p = 0.03), and CD8 (54% vs. 7%, p = 0.0006). There were no other significant differences in the immunophenotype between SC/LH and non-SC/LH ALK + ALCL cases. The initial chemotherapy regimens and the response rates were similar between patients with ALK + ALCL with SC/LH patterns versus those with non-SC/LH patterns. After a median follow-up of 30.8 months (range, 0.3–208 months), patients with high (>3) International Prognostic Index (IPI) scores had significantly shorter overall survival than patients with low (<3) IPI scores (p = 0.003). However, there was no significant difference in overall or progression-free survival between patients with SC/LH versus non-SC/LH ALK + ALCL (p = 0.99 and p = 0.94, respectively). We conclude that, in adults with ALK + ALCL, SC and LH variants are associated with peripheral blood involvement and a CD8 + immunophenotype with retention of T-cell markers (CD2, CD3, and CD7). However, in contrast with children with ALK + ALCL, SC and LH variants appear to have no impact on prognosis in adults with ALK + ALCL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalModern Pathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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