Skin reactions at the application site of rivastigmine patch (4.6 mg/24 h, 9.5 mg/24 h or 13.3 mg/24 h): A qualitative analysis of clinical studies in patients with Alzheimer's disease

G. Alva, J. L. Cummings, J. E. Galvin, X. Meng, D. M. Velting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives Rivastigmine patch is approved for the treatment of all stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Application site reactions may be a concern to clinicians and we used two large clinical trial databases to investigate the incidence of skin reactions in patients receiving rivastigmine patch. Methods Data from a 24-week, randomised, double-blind (DB) evaluation of 13.3 vs. 4.6 mg/24 h rivastigmine patch in severe AD (ACTION) and a 72- to 96-week study comprising an initial open-label (IOL) phase followed by a 48-week randomised, DB phase (13.3 vs. 9.5 mg/24 h rivastigmine patch) in declining patients with mild-to-moderate AD (OPTIMA) were analyzed. The incidence, frequency, severity, management and predictors of application site reactions were assessed. Results Application site reactions were mostly mild or moderate in severity and reported by similar proportions in each treatment group (ACTION: 13.3 mg/24 h, 24.5% and 4.6 mg/24 h, 24.2%; OPTIMA: IOL 9.5 mg/24 h, 22.9%; DB 13.3 mg/24 h, 11.4% and 9.5 mg/24 h, 12.0%); none were rated serious. In both studies, < 9% of patients required treatment for application site reactions. Application site reactions led to discontinuation of 1.7% and 2.5% of the 13.3 mg/24 h and 4.6 mg/24 h groups, respectively, in ACTION, 8.7% in OPTIMA IOL and 1.8% and 3.5% of the 13.3 mg/24 h and 9.5 mg/24 h groups, respectively, in OPTIMA DB. Conclusions Application site reactions were experienced by < 25% of patients in both studies, with no notable effect of dose. No reactions qualified as serious and skin reactions were uncommon as a reason for study discontinuation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-530
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Volume69
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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