We consider structures analogous to symplectic Lefschetz pencils in the context of a closed 4-manifold equipped with a "near-symplectic" structure (ie, a closed 2-form which is symplectic outside a union of circles where it vanishes transversely). Our main result asserts that, up to blowups, every near-symplectic 4-manifold (X, ω) can be decomposed into (a) two symplectic Lefschetz fibrations over discs, and (b) a fibre bundle over S 1 which relates the boundaries of the Lefschetz fibrations to each other via a sequence of fibrewise handle additions taking place in a neighbourhood of the zero set of the 2-form. Conversely, from such a decomposition one can recover a near-symplectic structure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geometry and Topology