Single-step processing of copper-doped titania nanomaterials in a flame aerosol reactor

Manoranjan Sahu, Pratim Biswas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

152 Scopus citations


Synthesis and characterization of long wavelength visible-light absorption Cu-doped TiO 2 nanomaterials with wellcontrolled properties such as size, composition, morphology, and crystal phase have been demonstrated in a single-step flame aerosol reactor. This has been feasible by a detailed understanding of the formation and growth of nanoparticles in the high-temperature flame region. The important process parameters controlled were: molar feed ratios of precursors, temperature, and residence time in the high-temperature flame region. The ability to vary the crystal phase of the doped nanomaterials while keeping the primary particle size constant has been demonstrated. Results indicate that increasing the copper dopant concentration promotes an anatase to rutile phase transformation, decreased crystalline nature and primary particle size, and better suspension stability. Annealing the Cu-doped TiO 2 nanoparticles increased the crystalline nature and changed the morphology from spherical to hexagonal structure. Measurements indicate a band gap narrowing by 0.8 eV (2.51 eV) was achieved at 15-wt.% copper dopant concentration compared to pristine TiO 2 (3.31 eV) synthesized under the same flame conditions. The change in the crystal phase, size, and band gap is attributed to replacement of titanium atoms by copper atoms in the TiO 2 crystal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number441
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalNanoscale Research Letters
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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