Single-dose therapy for cystitis in women. A comparison of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, and cyclacillin

Thomas Hooton, K. Running, W. E. Stamm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated single-dose regimens of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, and cyclacillin as treatment for acute cystitis in 38 women. The trial was prematurely stopped because of frequent treatment failures. At two days after treatment, all 13 patients given trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were cured, while four (31%) of 13 given amoxicillin and four (33%) of 12 given cyclacillin had persistent bacteriuria. At two weeks, 11 (85%) of 13 patients given trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, six (50%) of 12 given amoxicillin, and three (30%) of ten given cyclacillin were cured. One patient with positive results of antibody-coated bacteria testing who was treated with cyclacillin had signs and symptoms of acute pyelonephritis three days after treatment, and two patients treated with amoxicillin and one treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole converted antibody-coated bacteria test results from negative to positive after therapy. We conclude that single-dose treatment of cystitis in unselected women with cyclacillin and amoxicillin may result in low cure rates and that progression to acute pyelonephritis may occur following ineffective single-dose therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-390
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume253
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Cyclacillin
Cystitis
Amoxicillin
Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination Trimethoprim
Pyelonephritis
Therapeutics
Bacteria
Bacteriuria
Antibodies
Treatment Failure
Signs and Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Single-dose therapy for cystitis in women. A comparison of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, and cyclacillin. / Hooton, Thomas; Running, K.; Stamm, W. E.

In: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 253, No. 3, 01.01.1985, p. 387-390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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