Single-dose and three-day regimens of ofloxacin versus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for acute cystitis in women

T. M. Hooton, C. Johnson, C. Winter, L. Kuwamura, M. E. Rogers, P. L. Roberts, W. E. Stamm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

We compared the safety and efficacy of a single 400-mg dose of ofloxacin, ofloxacin (200 mg) once daily for 3 days, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (160:800 mg) twice daily for 7 days for the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis (urinary tract infection [UTI]) in women. At 5 weeks posttreatment, 35 (81%) of 43 patients treated with single-dose ofloxacin, 40 (89%) of 45 treated with 3 days of ofloxacin, and 41 (98%) of 42 treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were cured (P = 0.03, single-dose ofloxacin group versus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole group). Retreatment for symptomatic recurrent UTI was given to 7 (16%) of 43 patients initially treated with single-dose ofloxacin, 3 (7%) of 45 patients treated with 3 days of ofloxacin, and 0 of 42 patients treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (P = 0.01, single-dose ofloxacin group versus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole group). There was a trend in each of the three treatment groups toward an association between persistent or recurrent episodes of significant bacteriuria and a history of UTI in the past year and with diaphragm use. Ofloxacin was more effective than trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in eradicating Escherichia coli from rectal cultures during or soon after therapy, but there were no differences at later follow-up visits. Adverse effects were equally common among the three treatment groups. We conclude that single-dose ofloxacin was less effective than 7 days of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for treatment of uncomplicated cystitis in women, while the 3-day ofloxacin regimen and the trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole regimen were not significantly different in efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1479-1483
Number of pages5
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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