Single-center investigation of the pharmacokinetics of WCK 4282 (cefepime-tazobactam combination) in renal impairment

Richard A. Preston, Grigor Mamikonyan, Mushtaque Mastim, Dyal Garg, Christopher J. Kemper, Allan Xu, Ravindra Yeole, Rajesh Chavan, H. David Friedland, Ashima Bhatia

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Abstract

WCK 4282 is a combination product of cefepime (FEP) and tazobactam (TAZ) in a 1:1 ratio currently under development for the treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections. We investigated the effect of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of WCK 4282 in 48 subjects with various degrees of renal function. Subjects were categorized on the basis of their Cockcroft-Gault equation-estimated creatinine clearance (CLCR). We enrolled 6 subjects each into those with mild (CLCR, 60 to <90 ml/min), moderate (CLCR, 30 to <60 ml/min), or severe (CLCR, <30 ml/min) renal impairment and those with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring hemodialysis and 24 healthy control subjects (CLCR, ≥90 ml/min). Healthy subjects and subjects with mild and moderate renal impairment received a single 90-min infusion of 4 g of WCK 4282 (2 g FEP and 2 g TAZ). Subjects with severe renal impairment and ESRD received 2 g of WCK 4282 (1 g FEP and 1 g TAZ) over 90 min. The plasma exposure of FEP-TAZ increased as renal function decreased. In subjects with mild, moderate, and severe renal impairment and ESRD, the mean exposure (area under the plasma concentration versus time curve from time zero extrapolated to infinity) of FEP and TAZ increased by 1.3- and 1.2-fold, 2.3- and 2.3-fold, 4.7- and 4.0-fold, and 8.5- and 11.6-fold, respectively. The urinary recovery of FEP and TAZ decreased with increasing renal impairment. There were no adverse events reported during the study. The findings suggest that dose adjustments for WCK 4282 will be required according to the degree of renal impairment. A single infusion of WCK 4282 was found to be safe and well tolerated in subjects with normal and impaired renal function. (This study has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov under identifier NCT02709382.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00873-19
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume63
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Antibacterial agents
  • Bacterial
  • Gram-negative bacterial infections
  • Multidrug resistance
  • β-lactamases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Preston, R. A., Mamikonyan, G., Mastim, M., Garg, D., Kemper, C. J., Xu, A., Yeole, R., Chavan, R., Friedland, H. D., & Bhatia, A. (2019). Single-center investigation of the pharmacokinetics of WCK 4282 (cefepime-tazobactam combination) in renal impairment. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 63(10), [e00873-19]. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00873-19