Simultaneous topography-guided PRK followed by corneal collagen cross-linking for keratoconus

George D. Kymionis, Georgios A. Kontadakis, George A. Kounis, Dimitra M. Portaliou, Alexandra E. Karavitaki, Michael Magarakis, Sonia H Yoo, Ioannis G. Pallikaris

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To present the results after simultaneous photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) followed by corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) for progressive keratoconus. METHODS: Twelve patients (14 eyes) with progressive keratoconus were prospectively treated with customized topography-guided PRK with the Pulzar Z1 (wavelength 213 nm, CustomVis) immediately followed by corneal collagen CXL with the use of riboflavin and ultraviolet A irradiation. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 10.69±5.95 months (range: 3 to 16 months). Mean preoperative spherical equivalent refraction (SE) was -3.03±3.23 diopters (D) and defocus was 4.67±3.29 D; at last follow-up SE and defocus were statistically signifi cantly reduced to -1.29±2.05 D and 3.04±2.53 D, respectively (P<.01). Preoperative mean (logMAR) uncorrected visual acuity was 0.99±0.81 and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity was 0.21±0.19, which improved postoperatively to 0.16±0.15 and 0.11±0.15, respectively. The mean steepest keratometry was reduced from 48.20±3.40 D preoperatively to 45.13±1.80 D at last follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous PRK followed by CXL seems to be a promising treatment capable of offering functional vision in patients with keratoconus.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Refractive Surgery
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Kymionis, G. D., Kontadakis, G. A., Kounis, G. A., Portaliou, D. M., Karavitaki, A. E., Magarakis, M., Yoo, S. H., & Pallikaris, I. G. (2009). Simultaneous topography-guided PRK followed by corneal collagen cross-linking for keratoconus. Journal of Refractive Surgery, 25(9). https://doi.org/10.3928/1081597X-20090813-09