Simultaneous NIRS and kinematics study of planning and execution of motor skill task: Towards cerebral palsy rehabilitation

Ujwal Chaudhary, Bryant Thompson, Jean Gonzalez, Young Jin Jung, Jennifer Davis, Patricia Gonzalez, Kyle Rice, Martha Bloyer, Leonard Elbaum, Anuradha Godavarty

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a term that describes a group of motor impairment syndromes secondary to genetic and/or acquired disorders of the developing brain. In the current study, NIRS and motion capture were used simultaneously to correlate the brain's planning and execution activity during and with arm movement in healthy individual. The prefrontal region of the brain is non-invasively imaged using a custom built continuous-wave based near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) system. The kinematics of the arm movement during the studies is recorded using an infrared based motion capture system, Qualisys. During the study, the subjects (over 18 years) performed 30 sec of arm movement followed by 30 sec rest for 5 times, both with their dominant and non-dominant arm. The optical signal acquired from NIRS system was processed to elucidate the activation and lateralization in the prefrontal region of participants. The preliminary results show difference, in terms of change in optical response, between task and rest in healthy adults. Currently simultaneous NIRS imaging and kinematics data are acquired in healthy individual and individual with CP in order to correlate brain activity to arm movement in real-time. The study has significant implication in elucidating the evolution in the functional activity of the brain as the physical movement of the arm evolves using NIRS. Hence the study has potential in augmenting the designing of training and hence rehabilitation regime for individuals with CP via kinematic monitoring and imaging brain activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics IX
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
EventPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics IX - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 2 2013Feb 7 2013

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume8565
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Other

OtherPhotonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics IX
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period2/2/132/7/13

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Kinematics
  • Motion capture
  • Motor skills
  • Near infrared spectroscopy
  • Prefrontal
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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