Sildenafil reverses cardiac dysfunction in the mdx mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Candace M. Adamo, Dao Fu Dai, Justin M. Percival, Elina Minami, Monte S. Willis, Enrico Patrucco, Stanley C. Froehner, Joseph A. Beavo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations


Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive and fatal genetic disorder of muscle degeneration. Patients with DMD lack expression of the protein dystrophin as a result of mutations in the X-linked dystrophin gene. The loss of dystrophin leads to severe skeletal muscle pathologies as well as cardiomyopathy, which manifests as congestive heart failure and arrhythmias. Like humans, dystrophin-deficient mice (mdx mice) show cardiac dysfunction as evidenced by a decrease in diastolic function followed by systolic dysfunction later in life. We have investigated whether sildenafil citrate (Viagra), a phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, can be used toameliorate the age-related cardiac dysfunction present in themdx mice. By using echocardiography, we show that chronic sildenafil treatment reduces functional deficits in the cardiac performance of aged mdx mice, with no effect on normal cardiac function in WT controls. More importantly, when sildenafil treatment was started after cardiomyopathy had developed, the established symptoms were rapidly reversed within a few days. It is recognized that PDE5 inhibitors can have cardioprotective effects in other models of cardiac damage, but the present studyreports a preventionand reversal of pathological cardiac dysfunction as measured by functional analysis in a mouse model of DMD. Overall, the data suggest that PDE5 inhibitors may be a useful treatment for the cardiomyopathy affecting patients with DMD at early and late stages of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19079-19083
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number44
StatePublished - Nov 2 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Cehocardiography
  • cGMP
  • Phosphodiesterase
  • Viagra

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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