SHP (short heterodimer partner) is an orphan nuclear receptor lacking a DNA binding domain that interacts with nuclear receptors (NR) including thyroid receptor (TR), retinoic acid receptors (RAR and RXR), and estrogen receptors α and β (ERα and ERβ). SHP acts as a negative regulator of these receptors by inhibiting DNA binding and transcriptional activation. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) binds to arylhydrocarbon receptor (AHR), activating the AHR/AHR nuclear translocator (ARNT) heterodimer. We investigated the physical and functional interaction of SHP with AHR/ ARNT. In RL95-2 human endometrial carcinoma cells, SHP inhibited TCDD-stimulated reporter activity from the AHR-responsive CYP1A1 and UGT1A6 gene promoters in a concentration-dependent manner. In GST pulldown assays, ARNT interacted directly with SHP in vitro, but AHR did not interact with GST-SHP. SHP inhibited AHR/ARNT-DNA binding in vitro. These results identify ARNT as a novel SHP target. We speculate a role for SHP in the suppression of agonist-activated AHR/ ARNT activity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology