Shifting blame away from Ill relatives

Latino families' reactions to schizophrenia

Amy G Weisman, Luisa G. Gomes, Steven R. López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined attributions, emotions, and help-giving of 24 relatively unacculturated Latino-Americans toward a family member with schizophrenia. Ninety-one percent of participants had been rated as low in expressed emotion (low-EE) in an earlier study using a sample that overlaps with the present study. Low-EE refers to relatives who express few critical attitudes when talking about a mentally ill family member. Study findings indicate a link between relatives' emotions and their reported help-giving behavior. In support of attribution-affect theory, relatives who reported feeling more compassion toward an ill family member also reported exerting more effort to help their relative cope with the illness. A qualitative analysis of relatives' views, values, and behaviors was also conducted with the aim of better understanding low-EE relatives' perceptions, which may serve to buffer schizophrenia relapse. We observed the following three main categories of attributions: (1) most participants accepted the patient as having a legitimate illness, (2) the majority of participants viewed interpersonal problems or other external environmental stressors as causing or exacerbating the disorder, and (3) many participants implicated God in their causal attributions and also reported turning to religion as a source of hope and comfort in coming to terms with the patient's illness. Together, the quantitative and qualitative data suggest that efforts to augment positive or favorable emotions in key family members may be most important in establishing a low-EE family environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-581
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume191
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Schizophrenia
Expressed Emotion
Emotions
Hope
Mentally Ill Persons
Religion
Buffers
Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Shifting blame away from Ill relatives : Latino families' reactions to schizophrenia. / Weisman, Amy G; Gomes, Luisa G.; López, Steven R.

In: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol. 191, No. 9, 01.09.2003, p. 574-581.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{d313a296270b474696394754d85cae14,
title = "Shifting blame away from Ill relatives: Latino families' reactions to schizophrenia",
abstract = "The present study examined attributions, emotions, and help-giving of 24 relatively unacculturated Latino-Americans toward a family member with schizophrenia. Ninety-one percent of participants had been rated as low in expressed emotion (low-EE) in an earlier study using a sample that overlaps with the present study. Low-EE refers to relatives who express few critical attitudes when talking about a mentally ill family member. Study findings indicate a link between relatives' emotions and their reported help-giving behavior. In support of attribution-affect theory, relatives who reported feeling more compassion toward an ill family member also reported exerting more effort to help their relative cope with the illness. A qualitative analysis of relatives' views, values, and behaviors was also conducted with the aim of better understanding low-EE relatives' perceptions, which may serve to buffer schizophrenia relapse. We observed the following three main categories of attributions: (1) most participants accepted the patient as having a legitimate illness, (2) the majority of participants viewed interpersonal problems or other external environmental stressors as causing or exacerbating the disorder, and (3) many participants implicated God in their causal attributions and also reported turning to religion as a source of hope and comfort in coming to terms with the patient's illness. Together, the quantitative and qualitative data suggest that efforts to augment positive or favorable emotions in key family members may be most important in establishing a low-EE family environment.",
author = "Weisman, {Amy G} and Gomes, {Luisa G.} and L{\'o}pez, {Steven R.}",
year = "2003",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/01.nmd.0000087183.90174.a8",
language = "English",
volume = "191",
pages = "574--581",
journal = "Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease",
issn = "0022-3018",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Shifting blame away from Ill relatives

T2 - Latino families' reactions to schizophrenia

AU - Weisman, Amy G

AU - Gomes, Luisa G.

AU - López, Steven R.

PY - 2003/9/1

Y1 - 2003/9/1

N2 - The present study examined attributions, emotions, and help-giving of 24 relatively unacculturated Latino-Americans toward a family member with schizophrenia. Ninety-one percent of participants had been rated as low in expressed emotion (low-EE) in an earlier study using a sample that overlaps with the present study. Low-EE refers to relatives who express few critical attitudes when talking about a mentally ill family member. Study findings indicate a link between relatives' emotions and their reported help-giving behavior. In support of attribution-affect theory, relatives who reported feeling more compassion toward an ill family member also reported exerting more effort to help their relative cope with the illness. A qualitative analysis of relatives' views, values, and behaviors was also conducted with the aim of better understanding low-EE relatives' perceptions, which may serve to buffer schizophrenia relapse. We observed the following three main categories of attributions: (1) most participants accepted the patient as having a legitimate illness, (2) the majority of participants viewed interpersonal problems or other external environmental stressors as causing or exacerbating the disorder, and (3) many participants implicated God in their causal attributions and also reported turning to religion as a source of hope and comfort in coming to terms with the patient's illness. Together, the quantitative and qualitative data suggest that efforts to augment positive or favorable emotions in key family members may be most important in establishing a low-EE family environment.

AB - The present study examined attributions, emotions, and help-giving of 24 relatively unacculturated Latino-Americans toward a family member with schizophrenia. Ninety-one percent of participants had been rated as low in expressed emotion (low-EE) in an earlier study using a sample that overlaps with the present study. Low-EE refers to relatives who express few critical attitudes when talking about a mentally ill family member. Study findings indicate a link between relatives' emotions and their reported help-giving behavior. In support of attribution-affect theory, relatives who reported feeling more compassion toward an ill family member also reported exerting more effort to help their relative cope with the illness. A qualitative analysis of relatives' views, values, and behaviors was also conducted with the aim of better understanding low-EE relatives' perceptions, which may serve to buffer schizophrenia relapse. We observed the following three main categories of attributions: (1) most participants accepted the patient as having a legitimate illness, (2) the majority of participants viewed interpersonal problems or other external environmental stressors as causing or exacerbating the disorder, and (3) many participants implicated God in their causal attributions and also reported turning to religion as a source of hope and comfort in coming to terms with the patient's illness. Together, the quantitative and qualitative data suggest that efforts to augment positive or favorable emotions in key family members may be most important in establishing a low-EE family environment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0141651854&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0141651854&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/01.nmd.0000087183.90174.a8

DO - 10.1097/01.nmd.0000087183.90174.a8

M3 - Article

VL - 191

SP - 574

EP - 581

JO - Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

JF - Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

SN - 0022-3018

IS - 9

ER -