Shark recreational fisheries: Status, challenges, and research needs

Austin J. Gallagher, Neil Hammerschlag, Andy J. Danylchuk, Steven J. Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

For centuries, the primary manner in which humans have interacted with sharks has been fishing. A combination of their slow-growing nature and high use-values have resulted in population declines for many species around the world, and to date the vast majority of fisheries-related work on sharks has focused on the commercial sector. Shark recreational fishing remains an overlooked area of research despite the fact that these practices are popular globally and could present challenges to their populations. Here we provide a topical overview of shark recreational fisheries, highlighting their history and current status. While recreational fishing can provide conservation benefits under certain circumstances, we focus our discourse on the relatively understudied, potentially detrimental impacts these activities may have on shark physiology, behavior, and fitness. We took this angle given the realized but potentially underestimated significance of recreational fishing for shark conservation management plans and stock assessments, in hopes of creating a dialogue around sustainability. We also present a series of broad and focused research questions and underpin areas of future research need to assist with the development of this emergent area of research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-398
Number of pages14
JournalAmbio
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Fishing
  • Marine
  • Recreational
  • Resource
  • Sharks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology

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