Shark conservation and management policy: a review and primer for non-specialists

D. S. Shiffman, N. Hammerschlag

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is increasing concern for the conservation of sharks among scientists, environmental conservation advocates, and the interested public, but misunderstanding among policy non-specialists about which conservation and management policies are available, and which might work best for certain situations, persists. Here we present a review of fisheries management and conservation literature relating to sharks. Policies are broadly divided into target-based policies that aim for sustainable fisheries exploitation (e.g. fisheries quotas) and limit-based policies that aim to prevent all fisheries exploitation of entire taxa (e.g. marine reserves). A list of the pros and cons of each policy is included, as is a decision tree to aid in selection of the most appropriate policy. Our goal is that this paper will allow policy non-specialists, including scientists without policy training, environmental activists, and concerned citizens, to make informed decisions when advocating for shark conservation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-412
Number of pages12
JournalAnimal Conservation
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • conservation policy
  • elasmobranchs
  • fisheries
  • marine reserves
  • overfishing
  • protected areas
  • sharks
  • threatened species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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