Sexual behaviors of individuals with HIV living in South India

A qualitative study

A. K. Sri Krishnan, Ellen Hendriksen, Snigda Vallabhaneni, Sethu L. Johnson, Sudha Raminani, N. Kumarasamy, Jeremy Hobsen, Suniti Solomon, Kenneth H. Mayer, Steven Safren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Formative data on the sexual behaviors of HIV-infected individuals in regions disproportionately affected by the epidemic can help generate hypotheses about sexual risk taking in HIV-infected individuals and shape interventions to prevent further transmission. India is home to the highest number of HIV-infected individuals in the world, and very little information is available about the sexual behaviors of HIV-infected Indians. The present qualitative study presents themes from individual in-depth interviews with 30 HIV-infected individuals in South India. The sample included individuals from demographic groups that may experience different risk factors (five individuals each: from men who have sex with men, sex workers, married men, married women, injection drug users, and truck drivers ormen who travel for work). Across the groups, the three most frequently discussed themes involved (a) sexual behavior change (sexual risk reduction after HIV diagnosis, sexual behavior remaining safe after initiation of ART treatment), (b) motivations to reduce risk (motivation to protect one's self against further infection, to protect others from infection), and (c) barriers to reduce risk (complexity and stigma associated with condom negotiation, perception of HIV-infected peers being less concerned about protecting others, condom use as linked to gender and sexual roles, condom use as inconvenient or unappealing). This qualitative data can be used to generate hypotheses about sexual risk taking in HIV-infected individuals in South India, to inform models of risky behaviors of HIV-infected individuals for quantitative studies, and to lay the groundwork for secondary prevention intervention efforts that enhance facilitators and reduce barriers of safer sex articulated by the interviewees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-345
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sexual Behavior
India
HIV
Condoms
Risk-Taking
Motivation
Safe Sex
Sex Workers
Ego
Negotiating
Motor Vehicles
Risk Reduction Behavior
Secondary Prevention
Drug Users
Infection
available information
wife
Group
driver
travel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Education

Cite this

Sri Krishnan, A. K., Hendriksen, E., Vallabhaneni, S., Johnson, S. L., Raminani, S., Kumarasamy, N., ... Safren, S. (2007). Sexual behaviors of individuals with HIV living in South India: A qualitative study. AIDS Education and Prevention, 19(4), 334-345. https://doi.org/10.1521/aeap.2007.19.4.334

Sexual behaviors of individuals with HIV living in South India : A qualitative study. / Sri Krishnan, A. K.; Hendriksen, Ellen; Vallabhaneni, Snigda; Johnson, Sethu L.; Raminani, Sudha; Kumarasamy, N.; Hobsen, Jeremy; Solomon, Suniti; Mayer, Kenneth H.; Safren, Steven.

In: AIDS Education and Prevention, Vol. 19, No. 4, 08.2007, p. 334-345.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sri Krishnan, AK, Hendriksen, E, Vallabhaneni, S, Johnson, SL, Raminani, S, Kumarasamy, N, Hobsen, J, Solomon, S, Mayer, KH & Safren, S 2007, 'Sexual behaviors of individuals with HIV living in South India: A qualitative study', AIDS Education and Prevention, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 334-345. https://doi.org/10.1521/aeap.2007.19.4.334
Sri Krishnan AK, Hendriksen E, Vallabhaneni S, Johnson SL, Raminani S, Kumarasamy N et al. Sexual behaviors of individuals with HIV living in South India: A qualitative study. AIDS Education and Prevention. 2007 Aug;19(4):334-345. https://doi.org/10.1521/aeap.2007.19.4.334
Sri Krishnan, A. K. ; Hendriksen, Ellen ; Vallabhaneni, Snigda ; Johnson, Sethu L. ; Raminani, Sudha ; Kumarasamy, N. ; Hobsen, Jeremy ; Solomon, Suniti ; Mayer, Kenneth H. ; Safren, Steven. / Sexual behaviors of individuals with HIV living in South India : A qualitative study. In: AIDS Education and Prevention. 2007 ; Vol. 19, No. 4. pp. 334-345.
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