Sex Differences in Interpersonal Problems: A Circumplex Analysis

Michael B. Gurtman, Debbiesiu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structure and magnitude of sex differences in interpersonal problems across several data sets were examined, guided by the interpersonal circumplex model and the structural summary method. Data were self-reported interpersonal difficulties, assessed with the 64-item version of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP; L. M. Horowitz, S. E. Rosenberg, B. A. Baer, G. Ureño, & V. S. Villaseñor, 1988). In Study 1, the authors focused on sex differences at the level of specific interpersonal complaints (item level). In Study 2, the authors examined sex differences in octant scores of the IIP circumplex (scale level), in a reanalysis of archival data. The structural summary method was used to identify points of maximum difference between men and women in the interpersonal continuum and to estimate effect sizes. Results from the 2 studies converged in suggesting a dimension of difference involving problems in Hostile-Dominance vs. Friendly-Submission. The magnitude of effect size was consistent with previous reports in the personality literature. These sex differences appeared to be best explained by a one-dimensional model. Findings were generally consistent across 3 different types of samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-527
Number of pages13
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Fingerprint

Sex Characteristics
Structural Models
Personality
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • interpersonal problems
  • Inventory of Interpersonal Problems
  • personality
  • sex differences
  • structural summary method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Sex Differences in Interpersonal Problems : A Circumplex Analysis. / Gurtman, Michael B.; Lee, Debbiesiu.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 21, No. 4, 01.12.2009, p. 515-527.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{b0594c86cc4a48d4bcfedc188432ffec,
title = "Sex Differences in Interpersonal Problems: A Circumplex Analysis",
abstract = "The structure and magnitude of sex differences in interpersonal problems across several data sets were examined, guided by the interpersonal circumplex model and the structural summary method. Data were self-reported interpersonal difficulties, assessed with the 64-item version of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP; L. M. Horowitz, S. E. Rosenberg, B. A. Baer, G. Ure{\~n}o, & V. S. Villase{\~n}or, 1988). In Study 1, the authors focused on sex differences at the level of specific interpersonal complaints (item level). In Study 2, the authors examined sex differences in octant scores of the IIP circumplex (scale level), in a reanalysis of archival data. The structural summary method was used to identify points of maximum difference between men and women in the interpersonal continuum and to estimate effect sizes. Results from the 2 studies converged in suggesting a dimension of difference involving problems in Hostile-Dominance vs. Friendly-Submission. The magnitude of effect size was consistent with previous reports in the personality literature. These sex differences appeared to be best explained by a one-dimensional model. Findings were generally consistent across 3 different types of samples.",
keywords = "interpersonal problems, Inventory of Interpersonal Problems, personality, sex differences, structural summary method",
author = "Gurtman, {Michael B.} and Debbiesiu Lee",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0017085",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "515--527",
journal = "Psychological Assessment",
issn = "1040-3590",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sex Differences in Interpersonal Problems

T2 - A Circumplex Analysis

AU - Gurtman, Michael B.

AU - Lee, Debbiesiu

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - The structure and magnitude of sex differences in interpersonal problems across several data sets were examined, guided by the interpersonal circumplex model and the structural summary method. Data were self-reported interpersonal difficulties, assessed with the 64-item version of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP; L. M. Horowitz, S. E. Rosenberg, B. A. Baer, G. Ureño, & V. S. Villaseñor, 1988). In Study 1, the authors focused on sex differences at the level of specific interpersonal complaints (item level). In Study 2, the authors examined sex differences in octant scores of the IIP circumplex (scale level), in a reanalysis of archival data. The structural summary method was used to identify points of maximum difference between men and women in the interpersonal continuum and to estimate effect sizes. Results from the 2 studies converged in suggesting a dimension of difference involving problems in Hostile-Dominance vs. Friendly-Submission. The magnitude of effect size was consistent with previous reports in the personality literature. These sex differences appeared to be best explained by a one-dimensional model. Findings were generally consistent across 3 different types of samples.

AB - The structure and magnitude of sex differences in interpersonal problems across several data sets were examined, guided by the interpersonal circumplex model and the structural summary method. Data were self-reported interpersonal difficulties, assessed with the 64-item version of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP; L. M. Horowitz, S. E. Rosenberg, B. A. Baer, G. Ureño, & V. S. Villaseñor, 1988). In Study 1, the authors focused on sex differences at the level of specific interpersonal complaints (item level). In Study 2, the authors examined sex differences in octant scores of the IIP circumplex (scale level), in a reanalysis of archival data. The structural summary method was used to identify points of maximum difference between men and women in the interpersonal continuum and to estimate effect sizes. Results from the 2 studies converged in suggesting a dimension of difference involving problems in Hostile-Dominance vs. Friendly-Submission. The magnitude of effect size was consistent with previous reports in the personality literature. These sex differences appeared to be best explained by a one-dimensional model. Findings were generally consistent across 3 different types of samples.

KW - interpersonal problems

KW - Inventory of Interpersonal Problems

KW - personality

KW - sex differences

KW - structural summary method

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=72549119379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=72549119379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0017085

DO - 10.1037/a0017085

M3 - Article

C2 - 19947786

AN - SCOPUS:72549119379

VL - 21

SP - 515

EP - 527

JO - Psychological Assessment

JF - Psychological Assessment

SN - 1040-3590

IS - 4

ER -