Severity of concurrent visual and hearing impairment and mortality: The 1986-1994 National Health Interview Survey

David J Lee, Orlando W Gomez-Marin, Byron L Lam, D. Diane Zheng, Kristopher Arheart, Sharon L. Christ, Alberto J Caban-Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Visual impairment and, to a lesser extent, hearing impairment are independent predictors of reduced survival in selected studies of community-residing adults. To date, the association of severity of concurrent impairment and mortality has not been examined. Method: The National Health Interview Survey is a continuous, multistage, area probability survey of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population. Mortality linkage with the National Death Index of 116,796 adult participants from 1986 to 1994 with complete impairment data was performed through 1997. Results: Findings indicate that moderate to severe concurrent hearing and visual impairment in women is associated with significantly increased risk of mortality. More modest mortality associations are evident for men and for adults with less severe impairments, irrespective of gender. Discussion: Prevention of severe visual and hearing impairment should be a national public health priority, especially given the aging of the U.S. population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-396
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2007

Fingerprint

visual impairment
hearing impairment
Vision Disorders
Health Surveys
Hearing Loss
mortality
Interviews
Mortality
interview
health
civilian population
Health Priorities
Population
Public Health
public health
death
Survival
gender
community

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Hearing impairment
  • Mortality
  • Visual impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Aging
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Severity of concurrent visual and hearing impairment and mortality : The 1986-1994 National Health Interview Survey. / Lee, David J; Gomez-Marin, Orlando W; Lam, Byron L; Zheng, D. Diane; Arheart, Kristopher; Christ, Sharon L.; Caban-Martinez, Alberto J.

In: Journal of Aging and Health, Vol. 19, No. 3, 01.06.2007, p. 382-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, David J ; Gomez-Marin, Orlando W ; Lam, Byron L ; Zheng, D. Diane ; Arheart, Kristopher ; Christ, Sharon L. ; Caban-Martinez, Alberto J. / Severity of concurrent visual and hearing impairment and mortality : The 1986-1994 National Health Interview Survey. In: Journal of Aging and Health. 2007 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 382-396.
@article{4df89cd5e43f4cef939b3bc860ad3db2,
title = "Severity of concurrent visual and hearing impairment and mortality: The 1986-1994 National Health Interview Survey",
abstract = "Purpose: Visual impairment and, to a lesser extent, hearing impairment are independent predictors of reduced survival in selected studies of community-residing adults. To date, the association of severity of concurrent impairment and mortality has not been examined. Method: The National Health Interview Survey is a continuous, multistage, area probability survey of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population. Mortality linkage with the National Death Index of 116,796 adult participants from 1986 to 1994 with complete impairment data was performed through 1997. Results: Findings indicate that moderate to severe concurrent hearing and visual impairment in women is associated with significantly increased risk of mortality. More modest mortality associations are evident for men and for adults with less severe impairments, irrespective of gender. Discussion: Prevention of severe visual and hearing impairment should be a national public health priority, especially given the aging of the U.S. population.",
keywords = "Comorbidity, Hearing impairment, Mortality, Visual impairment",
author = "Lee, {David J} and Gomez-Marin, {Orlando W} and Lam, {Byron L} and Zheng, {D. Diane} and Kristopher Arheart and Christ, {Sharon L.} and Caban-Martinez, {Alberto J}",
year = "2007",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0898264307300174",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "382--396",
journal = "Journal of Aging and Health",
issn = "0898-2643",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Severity of concurrent visual and hearing impairment and mortality

T2 - The 1986-1994 National Health Interview Survey

AU - Lee, David J

AU - Gomez-Marin, Orlando W

AU - Lam, Byron L

AU - Zheng, D. Diane

AU - Arheart, Kristopher

AU - Christ, Sharon L.

AU - Caban-Martinez, Alberto J

PY - 2007/6/1

Y1 - 2007/6/1

N2 - Purpose: Visual impairment and, to a lesser extent, hearing impairment are independent predictors of reduced survival in selected studies of community-residing adults. To date, the association of severity of concurrent impairment and mortality has not been examined. Method: The National Health Interview Survey is a continuous, multistage, area probability survey of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population. Mortality linkage with the National Death Index of 116,796 adult participants from 1986 to 1994 with complete impairment data was performed through 1997. Results: Findings indicate that moderate to severe concurrent hearing and visual impairment in women is associated with significantly increased risk of mortality. More modest mortality associations are evident for men and for adults with less severe impairments, irrespective of gender. Discussion: Prevention of severe visual and hearing impairment should be a national public health priority, especially given the aging of the U.S. population.

AB - Purpose: Visual impairment and, to a lesser extent, hearing impairment are independent predictors of reduced survival in selected studies of community-residing adults. To date, the association of severity of concurrent impairment and mortality has not been examined. Method: The National Health Interview Survey is a continuous, multistage, area probability survey of the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population. Mortality linkage with the National Death Index of 116,796 adult participants from 1986 to 1994 with complete impairment data was performed through 1997. Results: Findings indicate that moderate to severe concurrent hearing and visual impairment in women is associated with significantly increased risk of mortality. More modest mortality associations are evident for men and for adults with less severe impairments, irrespective of gender. Discussion: Prevention of severe visual and hearing impairment should be a national public health priority, especially given the aging of the U.S. population.

KW - Comorbidity

KW - Hearing impairment

KW - Mortality

KW - Visual impairment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34248340442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34248340442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0898264307300174

DO - 10.1177/0898264307300174

M3 - Article

C2 - 17496240

AN - SCOPUS:34248340442

VL - 19

SP - 382

EP - 396

JO - Journal of Aging and Health

JF - Journal of Aging and Health

SN - 0898-2643

IS - 3

ER -