Serum albumin as a biomarker of pulmonary sarcoidosis chronicity

Safayeth Jabeen Isma, Hesham R. Omar, Nadera Sweiss, Mehdi Mirsaeidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The duration of sarcoidosis is associated with a higher risk of irreversible pulmonary fibrosis. Sarcoidosis shows diverse clinical presentations, which may lead to a delayed diagnosis due to lack of a specific diagnostic test. Biomarkers of sarcoidosis duration have not been previously explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to investigate independent biomarkers of pulmonary sarcoidosis duration. RESULTS: A total of 108 cases with pulmonary sarcoidosis (mean age 53.4 years; 76.9% females; average duration of sarcoidosis 12 years) were included in the study. We found significant correlation between the duration of sarcoidosis and serum albumin levels (r=’0.414, p=0.0001), sedimentation rate (r=0.375, p=0.001), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (r= 0.468, p=0.003), diffusion capacity (r=’0.334, p=0.002), and age (r=0.492, p=0.0001). A multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that serum albumin levels (β=’5.242, 95% confidence interval [CI] ’8.372 to ’2.112, p=0.001) and age (β=0.367, 95% CI 0.164 to 0.570, p=0.001) were independent correlates of sarcoidosis duration. A receiver operating characteristics curve analysis for prediction of sarcoidosis of a >10 years duration gave an area under curve (AUC) of 0.722 (95% CI 0.620–0.824, p<0.0001) for serum albumin and an AUC of 0.665 (95% CI 0.561–0.768, p<0.004) for age. An albumin level <2.4 gm/dL yielded a 90.5% sensitivity and 98.2% specificity for predicting sarcoidosis of >10 years duration. In comparison, the patient age of 51.5 years yielded a 70.2% sensitivity and 50% specificity for predicting patients with sarcoidosis for >10 years. CONCLUSION: The serum albumin level may be a biomarker of pulmonary sarcoidosis duration and chronicity of disease. Further investigations are required to confirm its predictive ability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-240
Number of pages5
JournalTurkish Thoracic Journal
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

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Keywords

  • Hypoalbuminemia
  • Pulmonary sarcoidosis
  • Serum albumin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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