Serum acidosis prior to reperfusion facilitates hemodynamic recovery following liver transplantation

Kyota Fukazawa, Alexander A. Vitin, Ernesto Pretto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Reperfusion is the most critical event during liver transplantation, and sustained leakage of acidic preservation solution from the liver graft contributes to marked hemodynamic instability. Recent laboratory studies with hepatocyte cultures have revealed that low pH may protect hepatocyte mitochondria against ischemia–reperfusion injury by inhibiting the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), the so-called “pH paradox.” However, the clinical significance of this pH paradox theory remains largely unknown. In this study, we sought to determine whether there is an association between serum pH immediately prior to reperfusion and hemodynamic recovery after reperfusion and graft survival. Methods: We analyzed retrospective data from 527 patients who underwent Orthotopic liver transplantation between 2003 and 2008. All patients were allocated to one of two groups: pH ≤ 7.32 or pH > 7.32, as measured 5 min before reperfusion. Case–control matching was performed using the propensity score to adjust for background differences between the two groups. Data were analyzed using Student’s t-test and the χ2 test. Results: There were 85 patients in the pH ≤ 7.32 group and 385 patients in the pH > 7.32 group. The recovery of mean arterial pressure after hepatic artery reperfusion was significantly faster in the pH ≤ 7.32 group (slope of recovery: 0.0004 % vs. 0.0002 %/min, p = 0.041). Other parameters studied, including vasopressor dosage after reperfusion, did not show any statistically significant difference between groups. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that less aggressive treatment of acidosis with a slower rate of normalization of serum pH (from low to normal) after reperfusion promotes faster hemodynamic stabilization. These findings provide evidence to support the concept of the pH paradox, and may also substantiate the argument against the usage of alkalizing agents before reperfusion unless acidosis becomes clinically significant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-88
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Anesthesia
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Fingerprint

Acidosis
Liver Transplantation
Reperfusion
Hemodynamics
Serum
Hepatocytes
Propensity Score
Hepatic Artery
Graft Survival
Permeability
Arterial Pressure
Mitochondria
Students
Transplants
Liver
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Acidosis
  • Liver transplantation
  • Organ transplant
  • Reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Serum acidosis prior to reperfusion facilitates hemodynamic recovery following liver transplantation. / Fukazawa, Kyota; Vitin, Alexander A.; Pretto, Ernesto.

In: Journal of Anesthesia, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.02.2016, p. 80-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fukazawa, Kyota ; Vitin, Alexander A. ; Pretto, Ernesto. / Serum acidosis prior to reperfusion facilitates hemodynamic recovery following liver transplantation. In: Journal of Anesthesia. 2016 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 80-88.
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abstract = "Introduction: Reperfusion is the most critical event during liver transplantation, and sustained leakage of acidic preservation solution from the liver graft contributes to marked hemodynamic instability. Recent laboratory studies with hepatocyte cultures have revealed that low pH may protect hepatocyte mitochondria against ischemia–reperfusion injury by inhibiting the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), the so-called “pH paradox.” However, the clinical significance of this pH paradox theory remains largely unknown. In this study, we sought to determine whether there is an association between serum pH immediately prior to reperfusion and hemodynamic recovery after reperfusion and graft survival. Methods: We analyzed retrospective data from 527 patients who underwent Orthotopic liver transplantation between 2003 and 2008. All patients were allocated to one of two groups: pH ≤ 7.32 or pH > 7.32, as measured 5 min before reperfusion. Case–control matching was performed using the propensity score to adjust for background differences between the two groups. Data were analyzed using Student’s t-test and the χ2 test. Results: There were 85 patients in the pH ≤ 7.32 group and 385 patients in the pH > 7.32 group. The recovery of mean arterial pressure after hepatic artery reperfusion was significantly faster in the pH ≤ 7.32 group (slope of recovery: 0.0004 {\%} vs. 0.0002 {\%}/min, p = 0.041). Other parameters studied, including vasopressor dosage after reperfusion, did not show any statistically significant difference between groups. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that less aggressive treatment of acidosis with a slower rate of normalization of serum pH (from low to normal) after reperfusion promotes faster hemodynamic stabilization. These findings provide evidence to support the concept of the pH paradox, and may also substantiate the argument against the usage of alkalizing agents before reperfusion unless acidosis becomes clinically significant.",
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N2 - Introduction: Reperfusion is the most critical event during liver transplantation, and sustained leakage of acidic preservation solution from the liver graft contributes to marked hemodynamic instability. Recent laboratory studies with hepatocyte cultures have revealed that low pH may protect hepatocyte mitochondria against ischemia–reperfusion injury by inhibiting the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), the so-called “pH paradox.” However, the clinical significance of this pH paradox theory remains largely unknown. In this study, we sought to determine whether there is an association between serum pH immediately prior to reperfusion and hemodynamic recovery after reperfusion and graft survival. Methods: We analyzed retrospective data from 527 patients who underwent Orthotopic liver transplantation between 2003 and 2008. All patients were allocated to one of two groups: pH ≤ 7.32 or pH > 7.32, as measured 5 min before reperfusion. Case–control matching was performed using the propensity score to adjust for background differences between the two groups. Data were analyzed using Student’s t-test and the χ2 test. Results: There were 85 patients in the pH ≤ 7.32 group and 385 patients in the pH > 7.32 group. The recovery of mean arterial pressure after hepatic artery reperfusion was significantly faster in the pH ≤ 7.32 group (slope of recovery: 0.0004 % vs. 0.0002 %/min, p = 0.041). Other parameters studied, including vasopressor dosage after reperfusion, did not show any statistically significant difference between groups. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that less aggressive treatment of acidosis with a slower rate of normalization of serum pH (from low to normal) after reperfusion promotes faster hemodynamic stabilization. These findings provide evidence to support the concept of the pH paradox, and may also substantiate the argument against the usage of alkalizing agents before reperfusion unless acidosis becomes clinically significant.

AB - Introduction: Reperfusion is the most critical event during liver transplantation, and sustained leakage of acidic preservation solution from the liver graft contributes to marked hemodynamic instability. Recent laboratory studies with hepatocyte cultures have revealed that low pH may protect hepatocyte mitochondria against ischemia–reperfusion injury by inhibiting the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), the so-called “pH paradox.” However, the clinical significance of this pH paradox theory remains largely unknown. In this study, we sought to determine whether there is an association between serum pH immediately prior to reperfusion and hemodynamic recovery after reperfusion and graft survival. Methods: We analyzed retrospective data from 527 patients who underwent Orthotopic liver transplantation between 2003 and 2008. All patients were allocated to one of two groups: pH ≤ 7.32 or pH > 7.32, as measured 5 min before reperfusion. Case–control matching was performed using the propensity score to adjust for background differences between the two groups. Data were analyzed using Student’s t-test and the χ2 test. Results: There were 85 patients in the pH ≤ 7.32 group and 385 patients in the pH > 7.32 group. The recovery of mean arterial pressure after hepatic artery reperfusion was significantly faster in the pH ≤ 7.32 group (slope of recovery: 0.0004 % vs. 0.0002 %/min, p = 0.041). Other parameters studied, including vasopressor dosage after reperfusion, did not show any statistically significant difference between groups. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that less aggressive treatment of acidosis with a slower rate of normalization of serum pH (from low to normal) after reperfusion promotes faster hemodynamic stabilization. These findings provide evidence to support the concept of the pH paradox, and may also substantiate the argument against the usage of alkalizing agents before reperfusion unless acidosis becomes clinically significant.

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