Serologic testing for aspergillosis in commercial broiler chickens and turkeys

Monique Frana, Carolyn Cray, H. L. Shivaprasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sera samples from commercial broiler chickens and turkeys diagnosed with respiratory and disseminated aspergillosis were tested for the presence of antigen and antibody to Aspergillus. Antigen detection consisted of testing for two cell-wall components, beta-glucan and galactomannan, which have been used extensively in human medicine. There were significantly higher levels of galactomannan in all broiler chicken submissions (100%) and antibody to Aspergillus in 6 out of 9 submissions (66.6%) vs. control birds. Beta-glucan analyses did not show any differences among levels in the broiler chicken groups. There were significantly higher levels of galactomannan antigen in 4 out of 7 submissions (57.1%) of aspergillosis in commercial turkeys, while only 2 out of 7 submissions (28.5%) had higher levels of antibody to Aspergillus vs. the control group. This study shows that diagnosis of respiratory and disseminated aspergillosis may be performed by detection of galactomannan antigenemia and antibodies in broiler chickens and to an extent in turkeys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-164
Number of pages5
JournalAvian Diseases
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

Fingerprint

Aspergillosis
aspergillosis
Chickens
Aspergillus
broiler chickens
beta-Glucans
antibodies
Antibodies
beta-glucans
Antigens
testing
antigens
antigen detection
bird control
cell wall components
Cellular Structures
Cell Wall
Birds
medicine
Medicine

Keywords

  • antibody
  • aspergillosis
  • Aspergillus
  • beta-glucan
  • chicken
  • galactomannan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Food Animals
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Serologic testing for aspergillosis in commercial broiler chickens and turkeys. / Frana, Monique; Cray, Carolyn; Shivaprasad, H. L.

In: Avian Diseases, Vol. 56, No. 1, 01.03.2012, p. 160-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frana, Monique ; Cray, Carolyn ; Shivaprasad, H. L. / Serologic testing for aspergillosis in commercial broiler chickens and turkeys. In: Avian Diseases. 2012 ; Vol. 56, No. 1. pp. 160-164.
@article{06d13b2ef3e145c189e033ed3fd3036a,
title = "Serologic testing for aspergillosis in commercial broiler chickens and turkeys",
abstract = "Sera samples from commercial broiler chickens and turkeys diagnosed with respiratory and disseminated aspergillosis were tested for the presence of antigen and antibody to Aspergillus. Antigen detection consisted of testing for two cell-wall components, beta-glucan and galactomannan, which have been used extensively in human medicine. There were significantly higher levels of galactomannan in all broiler chicken submissions (100{\%}) and antibody to Aspergillus in 6 out of 9 submissions (66.6{\%}) vs. control birds. Beta-glucan analyses did not show any differences among levels in the broiler chicken groups. There were significantly higher levels of galactomannan antigen in 4 out of 7 submissions (57.1{\%}) of aspergillosis in commercial turkeys, while only 2 out of 7 submissions (28.5{\%}) had higher levels of antibody to Aspergillus vs. the control group. This study shows that diagnosis of respiratory and disseminated aspergillosis may be performed by detection of galactomannan antigenemia and antibodies in broiler chickens and to an extent in turkeys.",
keywords = "antibody, aspergillosis, Aspergillus, beta-glucan, chicken, galactomannan",
author = "Monique Frana and Carolyn Cray and Shivaprasad, {H. L.}",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1637/9836-061911-Reg.1",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "160--164",
journal = "Avian Diseases",
issn = "0005-2086",
publisher = "American Association of Avian Pathologists",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Serologic testing for aspergillosis in commercial broiler chickens and turkeys

AU - Frana, Monique

AU - Cray, Carolyn

AU - Shivaprasad, H. L.

PY - 2012/3/1

Y1 - 2012/3/1

N2 - Sera samples from commercial broiler chickens and turkeys diagnosed with respiratory and disseminated aspergillosis were tested for the presence of antigen and antibody to Aspergillus. Antigen detection consisted of testing for two cell-wall components, beta-glucan and galactomannan, which have been used extensively in human medicine. There were significantly higher levels of galactomannan in all broiler chicken submissions (100%) and antibody to Aspergillus in 6 out of 9 submissions (66.6%) vs. control birds. Beta-glucan analyses did not show any differences among levels in the broiler chicken groups. There were significantly higher levels of galactomannan antigen in 4 out of 7 submissions (57.1%) of aspergillosis in commercial turkeys, while only 2 out of 7 submissions (28.5%) had higher levels of antibody to Aspergillus vs. the control group. This study shows that diagnosis of respiratory and disseminated aspergillosis may be performed by detection of galactomannan antigenemia and antibodies in broiler chickens and to an extent in turkeys.

AB - Sera samples from commercial broiler chickens and turkeys diagnosed with respiratory and disseminated aspergillosis were tested for the presence of antigen and antibody to Aspergillus. Antigen detection consisted of testing for two cell-wall components, beta-glucan and galactomannan, which have been used extensively in human medicine. There were significantly higher levels of galactomannan in all broiler chicken submissions (100%) and antibody to Aspergillus in 6 out of 9 submissions (66.6%) vs. control birds. Beta-glucan analyses did not show any differences among levels in the broiler chicken groups. There were significantly higher levels of galactomannan antigen in 4 out of 7 submissions (57.1%) of aspergillosis in commercial turkeys, while only 2 out of 7 submissions (28.5%) had higher levels of antibody to Aspergillus vs. the control group. This study shows that diagnosis of respiratory and disseminated aspergillosis may be performed by detection of galactomannan antigenemia and antibodies in broiler chickens and to an extent in turkeys.

KW - antibody

KW - aspergillosis

KW - Aspergillus

KW - beta-glucan

KW - chicken

KW - galactomannan

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859311554&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84859311554&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1637/9836-061911-Reg.1

DO - 10.1637/9836-061911-Reg.1

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 160

EP - 164

JO - Avian Diseases

JF - Avian Diseases

SN - 0005-2086

IS - 1

ER -