Sequential internal mammary artery grafts for coronary artery bypass

George M. Palatianos, Hooshang Bolooki, Michael D. Horowitz, Maureen H. Lowery, Stephen P. Rosenthal, S. K.C. Chandarlapaty, George N. Sfakianakis, Gerard A. Kaiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


From 1985 to 1990, 145 patients underwent isolated coronary artery bypass with one (n = 128) or both (n = 17) internal mammary arteries (IMAs) used as sequential bypass grafts. All but 2 patients had angina pectoris preoperatively. A total of 162 sequential IMA grafts were constructed bypassing two (n = 152) or three (n = 10) coronary artery sites as in situ (n = 132) or free (n = 30) grafts. In 12 patients, one IMA was used as a nonsequential graft. Thirty-day mortality was 2.8% (n = 4 patients). Perioperative myocardial infarction occurred in 1 patient (0.7%). Only two sequential IMA grafts failed. Both were used to bypass coronary arteries 1.00 mm in diameter. Mean follow-up was 31 months (range, 6 months to 4.2 years). There were three late deaths. Of 136 survivors followed-up, 121 (89%) were free of angina. Postoperative rotational thallium 201 tomography was done in 73 patients. Myocardial ischemia was detected in 11 diabetic patients (15.1%), but corresponded to a sequential IMA graft in 4 (5.5%) and to nonsequential and venous grafts in 10 patients (13.7%). Coronary revascularization with sequential IMA grafts was safe and effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1136-1140
Number of pages5
JournalThe Annals of thoracic surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Sequential internal mammary artery grafts for coronary artery bypass'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this