ICE family proteases have been implicated as important effecters of the apoptotic pathway, perhaps acting hierarchically in a protease cascade. Using cleavage of endogenous protease substrates as probes, three distinct tiers of ICE-like activity were observed after Fas ligation in Jurkat cells. The earliest cleavage detected (30 min) was of fodrin, and produced a 150 kDa fragment. The second phase of cleavage (50 min) involved PARP, U1-70kDa and DNA-PK(cs), all substrates of the CPP32-11ke proteases. Lamin B cleavage was observed during the third cleavage phase (90 min). Distinct inhibition profiles obtained using a panel of peptide-based inhibitors of ICE-like proteases clearly distinguished the three different cleavage phases. These studies provide evidence for a sequence of ICE-like proteolytic activity during apoptosis. The early fodrin cleavage, producing a 150 kDa fragment, identifies an ICE-like activity proximal to CPP32 in Fas-induced Jurkat cell apoptosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology