Genetically manipulated mice exhibiting altered innervation of the airways were used to examine the role of sensory nerves in ozone-induced lung inflammation. Transgenic mice expressing nerve growth factor (NGF) from the lung-specific Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) promoter exhibit hyperinnervation of the airways by sympathetic and tachykinin-containing sensory nerve fibers. Mice carrying a mutation in the low-affinity NGF receptor (NGFR) gene possess deficits in sensory innervation. CCSP-NGF transgenic mice exhibited a twofold increase in the number of lung lavage neutrophil level whereas NGFR knockout mice exhibited a nearly 50% decrease in neutrophilic inflammation compared with wild-type mice 18 h after ozone inhalation. Treatment with neurokinin receptor antagonists reduced the level of neutrophilic inflammation in both wild-type and CCSP-NGF mice. Examination of lavage fluid cytokine concentrations revealed that 4 h after ozone exposure CCSP-NGF mice produced significantly higher amounts of the chemokine KC than wild-type mice exposed to ozone. The results of this study indicate that sensory nerves are important mediators of ozone-induced inflammation in mice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine|
|State||Published - Jul 15 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine