Sensory auricular branch of the facial nerve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Goal: To better describe the anatomy of the sensory auricular branch of the facial nerve. Background: Clinical experience and the medical literature suggest that the facial nerve supplies sensory fibers to the external auditory canal and pinna. The anatomic distribution of these fibers remains poorly defined. Methods: Ten cadaveric temporal bone dissections with photographic documentation, two clinical cases, and histologic examination of a candidate nerve fiber were collected. Results: The anatomic distribution and histologic confirmation of a facial nerve branch coursing through the posterior wall of the external auditory canal is described. Mean (± SD) measurements along the mastoid segment of the facial nerve from the short process of the incus and chorda tympani nerve origin to the auricular branch origin were 11.6 ± 1.4 mm (range 9-13 mm) and 3.9 ± 3.0 mm (range 0-8 mm), respectively. Sacrifice of this nerve in a patient resulted in posterior external auditory canal and inferior conchal bowl hypesthesia. Conclusion: The anatomy of a facial nerve branch coursing through the external auditory canal is presented. The anatomic and functional findings of this study suggest that this nerve represents an auricular sensory branch. Understanding these anatomic details may help in identifying the main trunk of the facial nerve in surgery, preventing postoperative external auditory canal hypesthesia, as well as understanding the significance of Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome and Hitselberger's Sign.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-396
Number of pages4
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • External auditory canal
  • Facial nerve
  • Pinna
  • Sensory auricular branch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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