Sensitivity of storm surge predictions to atmospheric forcing during Hurricane Isaac

J. C. Dietrich, A. Muhammad, M. Curcic, A. Fathi, C. N. Dawson, Shuyi S Chen, R. A. Luettich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Storm surge and overland flooding can be predicted with computational models at high levels of resolution. To improve efficiency in forecasting applications, surge models often use atmospheric forcing from parametric vortex models, which represent the surface pressures and wind fields with a few storm parameters. The future of storm surge prediction could involve real-time coupling of surge and full-physics atmospheric models; thus, their accuracies must be understood in a real hurricane scenario. The authors compare predictions from a parametric vortex model (using forecast tracks from the National Hurricane Center) and a full-physics coupled atmosphere-wave-ocean model during Hurricane Isaac (2012). The predictions are then applied within a tightly coupled, wave and surge modeling system describing the northern Gulf of Mexico and the floodplains of southwest Louisiana. It is shown that, in a hindcast scenario, a parametric vortex model can outperform a data-assimilated wind product, and given reasonable forecast advisories, a parametric vortex model gives reasonable surge forecasts. However, forecasts using a full-physics coupled model outperformed the forecast advisories and improved surge forecasts. Both approaches are valuable for forecasting the coastal impacts associated with tropical cyclones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04017035
JournalJournal of Waterway, Port, Coastal and Ocean Engineering
Volume144
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • ADCIRC
  • Generalized asymmetric Holland model (GAHM)
  • HWind
  • Unified wave interface coupled model (UWIN-CM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering

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