Sensitivity of myometrium to CGRP varies during mouse estrous cycle and in response to progesterone

M. Naghashpour, G. Dahl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) inhibits contractions of the myometrium. Isometric force measurements on myometrial strips were carried out to monitor the inhibitory capacity of CGRP in the myometrium during the estrous cycle and in response to estrogen and progesterone in ovariectomized mice. CGRP inhibition of KCl-induced contractions was lowest at estrus and significantly increased during metestrus and diestrus. Progesterone treatment of ovariectomized mice resulted in a significant increase in the responsiveness of the myometrium to CGRP. Expression of CGRP-receptor component protein (CGRPRCP), a marker of CGRP-receptor expression, was quantitated by Western and Northern blot analyses. The levels of inhibition exerted by CGRP during the various stages of the estrous cycle and in response to steroid hormone treatment correlated with the protein levels of CGRP-RCP. The mRNA levels did not change significantly during the estrous cycle or in response to hormone treatment, indicating that the regulation of CGRP-RCP protein does not occur at the transcriptional level. CGRP had an inhibitory effect both when applied before the stimulus for contraction and when applied during a sustained contracture induced by KCl. This suggests that CGRP-induced generation of second messengers can influence late events in electro-/chemomechanical coupling and/or the contractile machinery directly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C561-C569
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number3 47-3
StatePublished - 2000


  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide-receptor component protein
  • Potassium contracture
  • Receptor activity modifying protein
  • Smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


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