Sensitivity and specificity of the Swedish interactive threshold algorithm for glaucomatous visual field defects

Donald L. Budenz, Paul Rhee, William J. Feuer, John McSoley, Chris A. Johnson, Douglas R. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of two new visual field algorithms in detecting glaucomatous visual field defects: (1) Swedish interactive threshold algorithm (SITA) standard and (2) SITA fast. Design: Prospective observational case series. Participants: Ninety normal subjects and 82 glaucoma patients. Testing: Central 30° fields were performed with the Humphrey visual field analyzer 30-2 program (Humphrey Systems, Dublin, CA) using full threshold, SITA standard, and SITA fast algorithms on the same day for two or more sessions within a 1-month period. Main Outcome Measures: Sensitivity and specificity in detecting glaucomatous visual field defects with SITA standard and SITA fast using full threshold testing as the reference standard. Results: The sensitivity of SITA standard and SITA fast in detecting glaucomatous defects overall was 98% and 95%, respectively. In the subset of mild glaucomatous field defects (26 patients), sensitivity of SITA standard was 92% versus 85% with SITA fast. Sensitivity was 100% for both algorithms in moderate to severe glaucomatous defects. Specificity for glaucoma defects using SITA standard and SITA fast was 96% for both algorithms. SITA standard reduced test-taking time from full threshold by 52% in normal subjects and 47% in glaucoma patients (P < 0.001). SITA fast reduced test-taking time by 72% in normal subjects and 65% in glaucoma patients (P < 0.001). Mean deviation values were 0.4 dB and 0.8 dB better in SITA standard and SITA fast fields, respectively, in normal subjects (P < 0.001), and 0.7 dB and 1.2 dB in SITA standard and SITA fast fields, respectively, in glaucoma patients (P < 0.001) compared with full threshold values. Conclusions: The new algorithms for measuring visual fields, SITA standard and SITA fast, have excellent sensitivity and specificity for glaucomatous visual field loss with considerable savings in time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1052-1058
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmology
Volume109
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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    Budenz, D. L., Rhee, P., Feuer, W. J., McSoley, J., Johnson, C. A., & Anderson, D. R. (2002). Sensitivity and specificity of the Swedish interactive threshold algorithm for glaucomatous visual field defects. Ophthalmology, 109(6), 1052-1058. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0161-6420(02)01047-3