Senescent B cells in aging and age-related diseases: Their role in the regulation of antibody responses

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Immune cells with a senescence-associated secretory phenotype increase in the blood of elderly individuals or individuals with age-associated diseases or with infections. Although senescent immune cells do not proliferate, they are transcriptionally and metabolically active and affect the microenvironment through the secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators. An age-driven increase in senescent B, T and NK cells has been reported and the function of these cells has been characterized. Results published by different groups have demonstrated that cell senescence induces the accumulation of terminally-differentiated cells characterized by the arrest of cell proliferation but with an active secretory profile which regulates their function through the activation of pathways integrating senescence and energy-sensing signals. This review will focus on senescent B cells, their increase in aging, age-associated conditions and infections. Similarities with other senescent immune cells will be presented and discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalExperimental Gerontology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Cell Aging
Antibody Formation
B-Lymphocytes
Aging of materials
Cells
Antibodies
Cell proliferation
Blood
Chemical activation
Infection
Natural Killer Cells
Cell Proliferation
T-Lymphocytes
Phenotype

Keywords

  • Antibody responses
  • B cells
  • Cell senescence
  • Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Senescent B cells in aging and age-related diseases: Their role in the regulation of antibody responses",
abstract = "Immune cells with a senescence-associated secretory phenotype increase in the blood of elderly individuals or individuals with age-associated diseases or with infections. Although senescent immune cells do not proliferate, they are transcriptionally and metabolically active and affect the microenvironment through the secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators. An age-driven increase in senescent B, T and NK cells has been reported and the function of these cells has been characterized. Results published by different groups have demonstrated that cell senescence induces the accumulation of terminally-differentiated cells characterized by the arrest of cell proliferation but with an active secretory profile which regulates their function through the activation of pathways integrating senescence and energy-sensing signals. This review will focus on senescent B cells, their increase in aging, age-associated conditions and infections. Similarities with other senescent immune cells will be presented and discussed.",
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AB - Immune cells with a senescence-associated secretory phenotype increase in the blood of elderly individuals or individuals with age-associated diseases or with infections. Although senescent immune cells do not proliferate, they are transcriptionally and metabolically active and affect the microenvironment through the secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators. An age-driven increase in senescent B, T and NK cells has been reported and the function of these cells has been characterized. Results published by different groups have demonstrated that cell senescence induces the accumulation of terminally-differentiated cells characterized by the arrest of cell proliferation but with an active secretory profile which regulates their function through the activation of pathways integrating senescence and energy-sensing signals. This review will focus on senescent B cells, their increase in aging, age-associated conditions and infections. Similarities with other senescent immune cells will be presented and discussed.

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