Self-reported extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism as predictors of peer rated verbal aggressiveness and affinity-seeking competence

Alan D. Heisel, Betty H. La France, Michael J. Beatty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study was undertaken to examine whether the relationships reported in the communication literature between Eysenck's BIG THREE personality dimensions and self-reported patterns of communication behavior remain robust when observation-based measures are used in place of self-reports. Target participants' responses to measures of these three personality dimensions were used to predict peer ratings of two patterns of communication behavior, verbal aggressiveness and affinity-seeking competence. Composite measures for variables were based on the results of confirmatory factor analysis, ensuring both internal and external consistency (parallelism). Results of a path analysis, in which targets' responses to personality measures were employed as exogenous variables and peer ratings of verbal aggressiveness and affinity-seeking competence were used as endogenous variables indicated that these data fit the model extremely well. Importantly, (1) substantial variation in peer rated affinity-seeking competence (R = .55) was attributed to the direct effects of extraversion and neuroticism (negative coefficient), and (2) substantial variation of peer rated verbal aggressiveness (R = .58) was attributable to direct effects of psychoticism and extroversion (negative coefficient) and an indirect effect of extraversion and neuroticism mediated by affinity-seeking competence (negative coefficient). Implications for communication theory and research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalCommunication Monographs
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics

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