Notes that self-awareness theory has generated a considerable amount of research activity; however, the most widely used manipulation of self-focus--the mirror--has not been satisfactorily validated. Exp I was an attempt to do so. At the same time an attempt was made to validate the Self-Consciousness Scale (SCS), an instrument designed to measure chronic dispositions to be self-attentive. 79 female undergraduates responded to a sentence completion blank either in an empty room or while facing a mirror. Results indicate that the mirror does manipulate, and the private subscale of the SCS does measure, self-attention. Exp II, with 81 female undergraduates, was a replication of the 1st study, but using an audience instead of a mirror. Results indicate that audience presence also heightens self-attention. Implications for attentional analyses of social behavior are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- audience presence, self focusing effects, female college students
- dispositional self consciousness &
- mirror &
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science
- Social Psychology