Conducted 4 experiments to study the effect of self-focused attention on affective reactions. In addition, the research was also intended to help resolve the controversy over attentional vs arousal explanations of self-awareness research. In Exp I 27 undergraduate men were asked to view and rate slides of nude women in the presence of a mirror or with no mirror. In Exp III, 40 Ss were either exposed or not exposed to a mirror and read a set of mood statements which became either increasingly positive or increasingly negative. Exps II and IV with 59 and 45 Ss, respectively, conceptually replicated Exps I and III by selecting Ss on the basis of private self-consciousness. In each study, self-focused attention increased the person's responsiveness to his transient affective state. The convergence between mirror-manipulated self-awareness and private self-consciousness supports an attentional interpretation of the findings. Implications for self-awareness theory are discussed. (33 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- elation vs depression, college students
- mirror-manipulated self awareness &
- private self consciousness, attraction vs repulsion &
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science
- Social Psychology