Self-expanding metallic stents for palliation and as a bridge to minimally invasive surgery in colorectal obstruction

Henry J. Lujan, Guilherme Barbosa, Marianna S. Zeichen, Wilmer N. Mata, Victor Maciel, Gustavo Plasencia, Rene F. Hartmann, Viamonte Manuel, Roberto Fogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Acute colorectal obstruction is a potentially life-threatening emergency that requires immediate surgical treatment. Emergency procedures had an associated mortality rate of 10% to 30%. This encouraged development of other options, most notably self-expanding metallic stents. The primary endpoint of this study to is to report our group's experience. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 37 patients who underwent self-expanding metallic stent placement for colorectal obstruction between July 2000 and May 2012. Data collected were age, comorbidities, diagnosis, intent of intervention (palliative vs bridge to surgery), complications, and follow-up. Results: The study comprised 21 men (56.76%) and 16 women (43.24%), with a mean age of 67 years. The intent of the procedure was definitive treatment in 22 patients (59.46%) and bridge to surgery in 15 (40.54%). The highest technical success rate was at the rectosigmoid junction (100%). The causes of technical failure were inability of the guidewire to traverse the stricture and bowel perforation related to stenting. The mean follow-up period was 9.67 months. Pain and constipation were the most common postprocedure complications. Discussion: The use of a self-expanding metallic stent has been shown to be effective for palliation of malignant obstruction. It is associated with a lower incidence of intensive care unit admission, shorter hospital stay, lower stoma rate, and earlier chemotherapy administration. Laparoscopic or robotic surgery can then be performed in an elective setting on a prepared bowel. Therefore the patient benefits from advantages of the combination of 2 minimally invasive procedures in a nonemergent situation. Further large-scale prospective studies are necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Colon obstruction
  • Intraluminal stents
  • SEMS
  • Self-expandable metallic stents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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