The number of refugees increased in recent years due to factors worldwide, including violence, wars, political strife, and natural disasters. Refugees who are Hispanic women (RHW) in South Florida are a vulnerable population at risk of acquiring HIV infection. Although studies have shown a relationship between self-efficacy for HIV prevention and behavior changes, none have studied RHW. The purpose of this study was to assess whether predictors suggested by the literature were related to self-efficacy for HIV prevention in a sample of RHW. The study is a secondary analysis that uses baseline data from a randomized controlled experimental study, SEPA. A total of 99 refugee Hispanic women from South Florida, 18–50 years of age, participated in the study. There were two predictors of self-efficacy. HIV knowledge was positively related to self-efficacy, and living with a partner was inversely related to self-efficacy for HIV prevention. Culturally competent sexual health education interventions in this population may impact self-efficacy for HIV prevention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health