Self-directed attention, awareness of bodily states, and suggestibility

Michael F. Scheier, Charles S Carver, Frederick X. Gibbons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two studies tested the hypothesis that self-directed attention would cause increased awareness of internal states and would thus reduce suggestibility effects. Exp I applied this reasoning to the experience of an emotion. 55 male undergraduates viewed moderately arousing slides of female nudes after being led to expect the slides to be either highly arousing or nonarousing. As predicted, ratings of the slides corresponded less with these experimentally manipulated anticipations when self-focus was heightened by the presence of a mirror than when it was not. Exp II examined a different internal experience: the perception of taste. Ss were 41 male and 31 female undergraduates. Some Ss were led to expect a strong flavor as part of a test series, and other Ss were led to expect a weak flavor. Ss high in private self-consciousness (assessed by the A. Fenigstein et al 1975 scale) were less affected by this expectancy manipulation and more accurate in reporting their actual internal state than Ss low in private self-consciousness. (34 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1576-1588
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume37
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1979
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Consciousness
consciousness
Taste Perception
manipulation
Emotions
experience
emotion
rating
cause

Keywords

  • expectations, awareness of internal experience &
  • female college students
  • heightened self focus &
  • resistance to suggestibility, male &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Self-directed attention, awareness of bodily states, and suggestibility. / Scheier, Michael F.; Carver, Charles S; Gibbons, Frederick X.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 37, No. 9, 01.09.1979, p. 1576-1588.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scheier, Michael F. ; Carver, Charles S ; Gibbons, Frederick X. / Self-directed attention, awareness of bodily states, and suggestibility. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 1979 ; Vol. 37, No. 9. pp. 1576-1588.
@article{83bd24231d99433b9f3060e6ad018037,
title = "Self-directed attention, awareness of bodily states, and suggestibility",
abstract = "Two studies tested the hypothesis that self-directed attention would cause increased awareness of internal states and would thus reduce suggestibility effects. Exp I applied this reasoning to the experience of an emotion. 55 male undergraduates viewed moderately arousing slides of female nudes after being led to expect the slides to be either highly arousing or nonarousing. As predicted, ratings of the slides corresponded less with these experimentally manipulated anticipations when self-focus was heightened by the presence of a mirror than when it was not. Exp II examined a different internal experience: the perception of taste. Ss were 41 male and 31 female undergraduates. Some Ss were led to expect a strong flavor as part of a test series, and other Ss were led to expect a weak flavor. Ss high in private self-consciousness (assessed by the A. Fenigstein et al 1975 scale) were less affected by this expectancy manipulation and more accurate in reporting their actual internal state than Ss low in private self-consciousness. (34 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).",
keywords = "expectations, awareness of internal experience &, female college students, heightened self focus &, resistance to suggestibility, male &",
author = "Scheier, {Michael F.} and Carver, {Charles S} and Gibbons, {Frederick X.}",
year = "1979",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037//0022-3514.37.9.1576",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "1576--1588",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-directed attention, awareness of bodily states, and suggestibility

AU - Scheier, Michael F.

AU - Carver, Charles S

AU - Gibbons, Frederick X.

PY - 1979/9/1

Y1 - 1979/9/1

N2 - Two studies tested the hypothesis that self-directed attention would cause increased awareness of internal states and would thus reduce suggestibility effects. Exp I applied this reasoning to the experience of an emotion. 55 male undergraduates viewed moderately arousing slides of female nudes after being led to expect the slides to be either highly arousing or nonarousing. As predicted, ratings of the slides corresponded less with these experimentally manipulated anticipations when self-focus was heightened by the presence of a mirror than when it was not. Exp II examined a different internal experience: the perception of taste. Ss were 41 male and 31 female undergraduates. Some Ss were led to expect a strong flavor as part of a test series, and other Ss were led to expect a weak flavor. Ss high in private self-consciousness (assessed by the A. Fenigstein et al 1975 scale) were less affected by this expectancy manipulation and more accurate in reporting their actual internal state than Ss low in private self-consciousness. (34 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

AB - Two studies tested the hypothesis that self-directed attention would cause increased awareness of internal states and would thus reduce suggestibility effects. Exp I applied this reasoning to the experience of an emotion. 55 male undergraduates viewed moderately arousing slides of female nudes after being led to expect the slides to be either highly arousing or nonarousing. As predicted, ratings of the slides corresponded less with these experimentally manipulated anticipations when self-focus was heightened by the presence of a mirror than when it was not. Exp II examined a different internal experience: the perception of taste. Ss were 41 male and 31 female undergraduates. Some Ss were led to expect a strong flavor as part of a test series, and other Ss were led to expect a weak flavor. Ss high in private self-consciousness (assessed by the A. Fenigstein et al 1975 scale) were less affected by this expectancy manipulation and more accurate in reporting their actual internal state than Ss low in private self-consciousness. (34 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

KW - expectations, awareness of internal experience &

KW - female college students

KW - heightened self focus &

KW - resistance to suggestibility, male &

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0018514049&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0018514049&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037//0022-3514.37.9.1576

DO - 10.1037//0022-3514.37.9.1576

M3 - Article

C2 - 501522

AN - SCOPUS:0018514049

VL - 37

SP - 1576

EP - 1588

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 9

ER -