Self-control and optimism are distinct and complementary strengths

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Optimism and self-control are two traits that have been linked to a wide range of positive life outcomes-indeed, to many of the same outcomes. Does that suggest the two are somehow redundant? In this study measures of optimism and self-control were related to each other and to a set of scales measuring socially problematic tendencies. Optimism correlated only 30 with self-control, suggesting that they are fairly distinct. Both correlated significantly with anger, hostility, verbal aggression, borderline tendencies, and endorsement of a "code of honor." Multiple regression analyses determined that optimism and self-control made distinct contributions to predicting all of these outcomes other than verbal aggression. Findings are consistent with a view in which both optimism and self-control have important self-regulatory functions, but functions that differ from one another.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-26
Number of pages3
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume66
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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Aggression
Hostility
Anger
Regression Analysis
Optimism
Self-Control

Keywords

  • Hostility
  • Optimism
  • Self-control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Self-control and optimism are distinct and complementary strengths. / Carver, Charles S.

In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 66, 01.01.2014, p. 24-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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