Self-consciousness and reactance

Charles S. Carver, Michael F. Scheier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two studies examined the effects of dispositional self-consciousness on reactance. In Experiment 1, men who were high in private self-consciousness displayed greater reactance responses to a coercive communication attempt (as reflected by attitude reversal) than did men lower in private self-consciousness. In contrast, the effect of public self-consciousness in this context was to inhibit the expression of reactance. In Experiment 2, women high in private self-consciousness exhibited greater reactance responses to a self-imposed threat to their freedom of choice (as reflected by equivocation over two choice alternatives) than did women lower in private self-consciousness. The effect of public self-consciousness in this context was negligible. These findings replicate and extend a previous self-awareness and reactance finding; they provide additional evidence that manipulated self-awareness and dispositional self-consciousness converge on the same psychological entity; and they provide additional evidence that there are important differences between the dimensions of private and public self-consciousness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-29
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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