Self-Concept, Aspirations, and Well-Being in South Korea and the United States

Youngmee Kim, Tim Kasser, Hoonkoo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors examined the similarities and differences between 3 dimensions that represent people's focus on self vs. other: individualistic vs. collectivistic nations, independent vs. interdependent self-concepts, and intrinsic vs. extrinsic aspirations. In samples of South Korean and U.S. college students, the authors found that each of these dimensions was interrelated in expected ways and that each also was independently associated with different aspects of participants' self-report of their own well-being (i.e., self-actualization, vitality, happiness, anxiety, and physical manifestations). The authors concluded that environmental circumstances and personality characteristics that focus on personal needs are more likely to provide experiences supportive of psychological well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-290
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Social Psychology
Volume143
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Cross-cultural study
  • Independent versus interdependent self-concepts
  • Individualistic versus collectivistic cultures
  • Intrinsic versus extrinsic aspirations
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

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