Background: The Trauma NOn-TECHnical Skills (T-NOTECHS) tool has been used to assess teamwork in trauma resuscitation, but its reliability and validity for self-assessment is unknown. Our purpose was to determine the reliability and validity of self-administered T-NOTECHS in pediatric trauma resuscitation. Methods: Simulated in situ resuscitations were evaluated using T-NOTECHS in real time by experts and immediately afterwards by team members. Reliability was analyzed with linear-weighted kappa and intra-class correlation. T-NOTECHS scores were compared between expert (gold-standard) and self-assessment. Results: Fifteen simulations were examined. T-NOTECHS scores were similar between self- and expert assessment for leadership. Self-assessment scores were higher than expert for the other domains and total composite score. Inter-rater reliability for total score was similar between the two groups, but differences were observed in the domains. Conclusions: Self-assessment is not interchangeable with expert rating when using T-NOTECHS. Future studies need to determine how self-assessment can be best utilized. Level of evidence: Studies of diagnostic accuracy – Level 2.
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