Self-assessment in schizophrenia: Accuracy of evaluation of cognition and everyday functioning

Felicia Gould, Laura Stone McGuire, Dante Durand, Samir Sabbag, Carlos Larrauri, Thomas L. Patterson, Elizabeth W. Twamley, Philip D. Harvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Self-assessment deficits, often referred to as impaired insight or unawareness of illness, are well established in people with schizophrenia. There are multiple levels of awareness, including awareness of symptoms, functional deficits, cognitive impairments, and the ability to monitor cognitive and functional performance in an ongoing manner. The present study aimed to evaluate the comparative predictive value of each aspect of awareness on the levels of everyday functioning in people with schizophrenia. Method: We examined multiple aspects of self-assessment of functioning in 214 people with schizophrenia. We also collected information on everyday functioning rated by high contact clinicians and examined the importance of self-assessment for the prediction of real-world functional outcomes. The relative impact of performancebased measures of cognition, functional capacity, and metacognitive performance on everyday functioning was also examined. Results: Misestimation of ability emerged as the strongest predictor of real-world functioning and exceeded the influences of cognitive performance, functional capacity performance, and performance-based assessment of metacognitive monitoring. The relative contribution of the factors other than self-assessment varied according to which domain of everyday functioning was being examined, but, in all cases, accounted for less predictive variance. Conclusion: These results underscore the functional impact of misestimating one's current functioning and relative level of ability. These findings are consistent with the use of insight-focused treatments and compensatory strategies designed to increase self-awareness in multiple functional domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)675-682
Number of pages8
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Functional capacity
  • Insight
  • Metacognition
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Self-assessment in schizophrenia: Accuracy of evaluation of cognition and everyday functioning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this