Selective increases in phosphoinositide signaling activity and G protein levels in postmortem brain from subjects with schizophrenia or alcohol dependence

Richard S. Jope, Ling Song, Carol A. Grimes, Mary A. Pacheco, Ginny E. Dilley, Xiaohua Li, Herbert Y. Meltzer, James C. Overholser, Craig A. Stockmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Comparisons of the activity of the G protein-mediated phosphoinositide signal transduction system and of G protein levels were made in two regions of frontal cortex from eight schizophrenic, alcohol-dependent, and control subjects. G protein-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis was measured by stimulating cortical membranes incubated with [3H] phosphatidylinositol with 0.3-10 μM guanosine 5'-O-(3-thio)triphosphate (GTPγS). In frontal cortex areas 8/9, GTPγS-induced phosphoinositide hydrolysis was 50% greater in schizophrenic than control or alcohol-dependent subjects, whereas there were no differences among these groups of subjects in the response to GTPγS in frontal cortex area 10. Agonists for dopaminergic, cholinergic, purinergic, serotonergic, histaminergic, and glutamatergic receptors coupled to the phosphoinositide signaling system increased [3H]-phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis in a GTPγS-dependent manner. Responses to most agonists were similar in all three subject groups in both cortical regions, with the largest difference being a 40% greater response to dopaminergic receptor stimulation in frontal cortex 8/9 from schizophrenic subjects. Measurements of the levels of phospholipase C-β, and of α-subunits of G(q), G(o), G(I1), G(I2), and G(a), made by immunoblot analyses revealed no differences among the groups of subjects except for increased Gα(o) in schizophrenic subjects and increased Gα(o) and Gα(I1) in alcohol-dependent subjects. These results demonstrate that schizophrenia is associated with increased activity of the phosphoinositide signal transduction system and increased levels of Gα(o), whereas the phosphoinositide system was unaltered in alcohol dependence, but Gα(o) and Gα(I1) were increased.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)763-771
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1998

Keywords

  • Alcohol dependence
  • G proteins
  • Inositol
  • Phosphoinositide
  • Postmortem human brain
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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